TV Whitespace (TVWS) radios are being deployed in rural communities by ISPs (Internet Service Providers) to provide broadband services. Radio wave propagation at 470 -698 MHz (United States) or at 470 - 786 MHz (Global) favors NLOS communications. The 900 MHz, 2.4 GHz & 5 GHz and recently 3.5 GHz (CBRS) frequency bands are densely populated and its users are either unlicensed or minimally regulated.

Close to 1 million residences in the US are short of a wireless service fast enough to match FCC's definition of broadband speed (25 Mbps downstream and 3 Mbps upstream). Since most of these homes are in rural areas, it is relatively too expensive or unprofitable for ISPs or major carriers to lay optical fiber.

The advent of point-to-multipoint wireless services in the early 2000s led to wireless internet service providers (WISPs) whose number has exponentially grown to 1,500 companies each with a fair share of the customer base. There has been a notable difference in downstream and upstream speeds among the various WISPs but over the years, these speeds have steadily increased to the advantage of the WISPs due to advancements in technologies.